One part of the (binary) dualist opposition humanitas/anthropos that has emerged in the colonial era. It has become one of the bases for the western claim to superiority over others. With this dualist perspective of the world the west has determined itself to be the superior humanitas and the non-western population to be its inferior opposite anthropos. The anthropos are those men and women who are usually people of colour, non-western, and also called ‘of the Third World’, or ‘underdeveloped’. Humanitas has made them into subjects of study and according to them, the anthropos are unable to create knowledge themselves, unless they follow the western standard of scientific research. The dualistic character of humanitas/anthropos means that the one does not have meaning without the other.